How to Kill Bed Bugs: Comparison of Bed Bugs Treatment Products and Methods


To control a bed bug infestation, various bed bugs treatment products and methods can be used. As always, all have their advantages and disadvantages. This article compiles available knowledge about these different bed bug products and methods in a table. I hope it helps you to get a better overview of the different treatment products.

To make the search for the best way to kill bed bugs as easy as possible, you can find links to recommended products in the last column. The table also includes additional information concerning the effects and applications of these products.

As a rule, many of these control methods or remedies for bed bugs are combined with each other, so that the bed bug problem can be solved quickly. Team player so to say.

An exception could be the bed bug heat treatment. If properly used by professional suppliers it can be seen as the best way to get rid of bed bugs fast. However, it is usually quite expansive as special ovens are needed for this. Because your whole flat is heated above a certain temperature to kill all bed bugs.

Note: Use biocides safely. Always read the label and product information before use.

Comparison table: Bed Bugs Treatment Products and Methods with Advantages and Disadvantages

Bed Bug MonitorsBed bug monitors are used to catch bed bugs. They imitate the human body through heat and CO2 emissions.
  • Identification of bed bugs

  • Control effectiveness of application of other products/methods against bed bugs
  • You may not be in the room during use

  • Actual efficiency of bed bug monitors can not yet be finally assessed
Bed Bug DogsSpecially trained dogs track down bed bugs with their very good sense of smell.
  • High effectiveness in detection
  • Only suitable for identification of bed bugs

  • There are few trained dogs
No product, but a clever animal:

Bed Bug Barrier & InterceptorsBed bugs have to face barriers so it is more difficult for them to reach people or luggage.
  • Relatively simple implementation
  • Low-cost options available
  • Bed bugs find other access (for example, dropping from the ceiling)Bed bugs evade other rooms
  • Bed bugs survive for a long time without food
  • Mattress encasings

  • baggage protection

  • Strong adhesive double sided tape on bed feet
  • Vaseline on bed feet
Bedbugs are fended off or killed by the action of various insecticides:

λ-cyhalothrin, Bifenthrin, Carbaryl, Imidacloprid, Fipronil, Permethrin, Diazinon, Spinosyn, Dichlorvos, Chlorfenapyr , DDT and others.
  • Effective if no resistance has yet been developed
  • Variety of products available
  • Resistances of bed bugs
  • Health risks possible
  • Allergic reactions
  • Ortho Home Bed Bug Killer Spray

Impregnated MaterialsImpregnated materials contain certain insecticides that repel bed bugs (and other insects) - e.g. Permethrin, which is used in some nations on/in uniforms of the military for insect bite protection in tropical regions etc.
  • Usually harmless concentration for people
  • Useful when traveling
  • Possible resistances of bed bugs
  • Sawyer Permethrin Clothing Insect Repellent

  • PERMETEX® Business Traveller Products
    against Bed Bugs, Mites & Fleas

VacuumBed bugs are sucked up with a vacuum cleaner.
  • Immediate reduction of the bed bug population
  • Dispose of vacuum bags has to be done correctly, otherwise bed bugs could spread further or simply escape again
  • not all hiding places are reached
  • Vacuum cleaner with a removable bag

HeatBed bugs are killed by high temperatures.
  • No use of chemicals
  • with proper application of heat deprivation almost 100% chance to turn off the entire population
  • Not all materials/devices tolerate heat
  • Partly high purchase prices of special equipment or services
  • Wash clothes at > 50 ° C
  • clothes dryer
  • steam cleaners

  • heat boxes
  • Heating of an entire room / building
ColdTemperatures below -16 ° C for over an hour kill both bed bugs and eggs.
  • When properly used effective way to rid different objects / clothes of bed bugs
  • Correspondingly large freezer for backpack etc. needed
  • Freezer department in the fridge
  • Freezer
  • Carbon dioxide in the form of dry ice
Inorganic materialsInorganic substances in the form of silicate dust, such as diatomaceous earth, attack the waxy chitin shell of bed bugs and cause them to dehydrate.
  • Effective against bedbugs and other insects
  • Plant-based product
  • Only applicable in dry environment
  • Even distribution difficult
  • The fine silicate dust can irritate the respiratory system → Respiratory protection recommended
Organic materialsTraditionally, leaves of the bean plant are distributed around the bed in Balkan countries. At the same time the fine plant hair spears up the legs of bed bugs.
  • Pure plant-based base
  • Bean plants can be grown in the garden and on balconies
  • Many leaves are needed to achieve comprehensive protection
  • Beans seed
MedicationMedication is taken by humans. When a bed bug bites, the active ingredient also reaches the bed bug with the blood and then kills the bug.
  • Acts against many parasites e.g. mosquitoes among others
  • Only under the strictest control of a doctor
  • Not intended for human treatment in many countries

Bed Bugs Treatment Products in Action

If you want to find out more about how to use these bed bugs treatment products, you can check out our 13 step guide to get rid of bed bugs.

Guide: How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs


Cover photo: belchonock / Depositphotos

1 thought on “How to Kill Bed Bugs: Comparison of Bed Bugs Treatment Products and Methods”

Leave a comment

2 × 5 =